Since 2008, D. suzukii has rapidly expanded its range to most of North SAD, Revija za Sadjarstvo, Vinogradništvo in Vinarstvo. However, the active ingredients are not very persistent. Pesticidi i Fitomedicina. Emergency mitigation measures include cold treatment or carbon dioxide/sulphur dioxide fumigation of host fruit when exporting from an infested country to an area free of D. suzukii (DAFF, 2013). (Drosophila suzukii: valutazione di agrofarmaci e analisi sul corretto posizionamento in campo.) http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/swd.htm, Beers EH, Steenwyk RAVan, Shearer PW, Coates WW, Grant JA, 2011. Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of spotted-winged drosophila (Drosophila suzukii Matsumura) in the Municipality of Los Reyes, State of Michoacan, Mexico., NAPPO. Pansa M G, Frati S, Baudino M, Tavella L, Alma A, 2011. Florida Entomologist. Journal of Pest Science, 87(3):379-383. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10340-014-0591-5, Diepenbrock, L. M., McPhie, D. R., 2018. and economically significant damage on several species of cultivated berries were reported (Grassi et al., 2009). Invasive drosophilid pests. It is a single taxonomic entity. (2012). Explain your judgement (edit in the part justification) Use of a novel host plant family, Basallaceae, by Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Spotted Wing Drosophila Drosophila suzukii. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Fruit gets infested from early ripening until post-harvest. New and interesting records of Drosophilidae (Diptera) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Entomological Science, 14(3):333-346, NPPO, 2012. Some adults (males and females) overwinter under extended suboptimal cold conditions (Dalton et al., 2011). A preliminary report on the Drosophilidae of Kumaun Region with description of two new species and three new records. Nagy A, Szalárdi T, Gombos D, Szanyi S, 2020. More recently, multi-component volatile blends had been identified (Cha et al., 2012; 2013) that may provide a more selective lure and may reduce the time for trap servicing. DOI:10.1007/s10340-016-0810-3, Lengyel G D, Orosz S, Kiss B, Lupták R, Kárpáti Z, 2015. including Drosophila melanogaster. indicus (Parshad and Paika, 1965). However, additional data needed in order to support this hypothesis. The spotted wing Drosophila is a vinegar fly originating from South-East Asia which has invaded many countries in America, Asia and Europe. Drosophila suzukii has subsequently been confirmed as present in Canada (British Columbia) (NAPPO 2010a) and the USA (California, Florida, Oregon and Washington) (NAPPO 2010b) in North America in 2010. [Distribution map]. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/insects/drosophila.html, Orhan A, Aslantaș R, Önder B Ș, Tozlu G, 2016. Southwestern Entomologist. Later, it was confirmed present in Europe where it was also attacking a range of fresh fruits. Credit: Michelle Bui, UC San Diego h�b``a``������W�A�X�v�k``�A�b`Tp8dd"Z29�� �Y Ո�i�r e�,d��@� db�n(4`9���!��t��C��s�2�X��7�@�]P���Ȱ`0Թ��;���S�\w��Т�6�%���a�9Ih�} ����y�P)���A�7 l�0� Production in these three states could sustain $511 million in damages annually because of D. suzukii (Bolda et al., 2010). A preliminary report on Drosophila fauna of Islamabad (Capital, Pakistan). The infested fruit begins to collapse around the feeding site causing a depression or visible blemish on the fruit. Females can also pose problems with identification. Quick Guide: Drosophila suzukii. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of Calcutta, 40:19-26, Siozios S, Cestaro A, Kaur R, Pertot I, Rota-Stabelli O, Anfora G, 2013. Ecological, morphological and molecular studies on Ganaspis individuals (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) attacking Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Elsevier, 126-133, Timmeren Svan, Isaacs R, 2014. The lifespan of adults is 20-56 days, but some overwintering adults lived for more than 200 days (Kanzawa, 1935). Spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a major worldwide crop pest of various soft-skinned fruits (1). abanowska BH, Piotrowski W, 2015. Some work has been conducted on the normal temperature ranges at which D. suzukii can develop and reproduce (Tochen et al., 2014). Genetics Research, 92:25-38, Lue ChiaHua, Mottern JL, Walsh GC, Buffington ML, 2017. Oviposition scars and larval feeding depressions in cherry. Distribution and seasonal occurrence of cherry drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) injurious to blueberry in Chiba Prefecture. 164-166. Sugar solution can be prepared using approximately 1 part sugar to 6 parts water in order to reach at least 15°Brix. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Plant Protection in Fruit Crops, Subgroup Soft Fruits", Budapest, Hungary, 20-23 September 2010. http://archives.eppo.org/EPPOReporting/Reporting_Archives.htm, EPPO, 2013. Distribution, abundance and host association of two parasitoid species attacking frugivorous drosophilid larvae in central Japan. The infested fruits can be detected only by visual inspection under optical magnification (15-20 x magnification). Annals of Agrarian Science. Spotted-wing drosophila (SWD; Drosophila suzukii; Family: Drosophilidae) is a key pest that targets a wide variety of susceptible fruits including tree stone fruits (e.g., cherries) and berries (e.g., strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and blackberries). The situation is complex for the eggs, larvae and pupae, as no reliable morphological diagnostic features have been identified (Okada, 1968). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. Trap designs for monitoring Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Okada T, 1976. http://westernfarmpress.com/management/invasive-fruit-fly-spans-california-maine, Vilela C R, Mori L, 2014. The fruit fly D. suzukii is a fruit crop pest and is a serious economic threat to soft summer fruit. DAFF. Host potential and adaptive responses of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) to Barbados cherries. D. suzukii is predisposed towards infesting and developing in undamaged, ripening fruit. D. suzukii has been introduced to several Hawaiian islands, including Oahu (Hauser, 2011). Comparisons among different trap design (size, colour, volatilization area, entry area) have been performed across different regions and crops in North America (Lee et al., 2012; 2013). Traps baited with apple cider vinegar (ACV) were initially used for crop risk assessment and treatment timing in IPM. Cherry Drosophila, a new pest in our fruit crops. CAN-06/1. PLoS ONE, 8(7):e68472. D. suzukii is thought to be native of eastern and southeastern Asia, including China, Japan and Korea (Walsh et al., 2011), although little is known about its geographical origin. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 76(1):21-37, Seljak G, 2011. (Nuovo fitofago per i piccoli frutti in Trentino.) http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/.../Final-PRA-report-Drosophila-suzukii.pdf? The spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) - monitoring and first records in Poland. Credit: Michelle Bui, UC San Diego. 0.5 – 1 mm diameter holes should be drilled in the side in order to enable the flies to enter. A visual stimulus in the courtship of Drosophila suzukii. D. suzukii is listed on the EPPO alert list. DOI:10.1653/024.100.0131, Steck G J, 2009. Given its very rapid spread in Europe and North America in recent years, it seem likely that D. suzukii will continue to expand its range in these continents to some extent. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78(14):4869-4873. http://aem.asm.org/content/78/14/4869.full, Hamby KA, Kwok RS, Zalom FG, Chiu JC, 2013. In addition, the fast generation turnover of D. suzukii requires many chemical interventions at the ripening stage, which can increase the risk of residues in fruits, promote insect resistance and negatively affect pollinators and other beneficial species. Seasonal life cycles and resource uses of flower- and fruit-feeding drosophilid flies (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in central Japan. Drosophila suzukii present in Tahiti & Moorea., https://www.ippc.int/en/countries/french-polynesia/pestreports/2017/07/drosophila-suzukii-present-a-tahiti-moorea/, Freda P J, Braverman J M, 2013. Drosophila suzukii is a serious invasive pest on blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, cherries, and many other cultivated and wild fruits. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD), is one of the few species of Drosophilidae known to be a pest of healthy, unripe fruit (Walsh et al. The Drosophila melanogaster species-group, excepting the D. montium species-subgroup. A New Pest Attacking Healthy Ripening Fruit in Oregon: Spotted Wing Drosophila, Drosophila Suzukii (Matsumura) Pest of Concern. In the same studies, neonicotinoids organic pyrethroid (pyrethrin) and azadiractin provided from moderate to low control, with significantly higher levels of male mortality (Bruck et al., 2011; Beers et al., 2011). EPPO (online). D. suzukii belongs to the melanogaster species group of the subgenus Sophophora. The first records of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in the South American continent. The vinegar flyDrosophila suzukii(Matsumura) (Diptera Drosophilidae), spotted wing drosophila, is a highly polyphagous inva- sive pest endemic to South East Asia, which has recently invaded western countries. Phytosanitary Alert System: First report of Drosophila suzukii in Canada. GBR-31/1. Spotted wing Drosophila Drosophila suzukii Spotted wing Drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) is an insect pest.It is a native of Asia and was first detected in California in 2008. New and unrecorded species of Drosophilidae from Soviet Far East (Diptera, Brachycera). In particular, species of the genera Ganaspis and Leptopilina (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) and Trichopria (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) are reported as parasitoids of D. suzukii in Japan (Cini et al., 2012). Molecular identification is possible by amplification of the barcode COI gene with universal primers (Folmer et al., 1994, Grassi et al., 2011; Calabria et al., 2012; Freda and Braverman, 2013; Chiu et al., 2013). EPPO Reporting Service. The only natural enemy that did have an effect on the development of the Drosophila population was the parasitic wasp. > 0°C, dry winters), Continental/Microthermal climate (Average temp. Martin Cooper via CC BY 2.0. 136 (1/2), 139-147. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0418 DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.2010.01583.x. Developmental Biology, 311:277-286, Baroffio C, Fischer S, 2011. British Columbia, Canada: Ministry of Agriculture. Low levels of reproduction or no reproduction were found at temperatures above 30°C (Tochen et al., 2014). Environmental Entomology, 42(6), Lengyel GD, Orosz S, Kiss B, Lupták R, Kárpáti Z, 2015. Souza G K, Pikart T G, Oliveira V L de, Boff P, Boff M I C, 2017. Resistance of Drosophila suzukii to the larval parasitoids Leptopilina heterotoma and Asobara japonica is related to haemocyte load. CABI, EPPO, 2016. Yamanashi Prefecture Agricultural Experiment Station Report, Kanzawa T, 1939. If the temperature is high enough during the day, D. suzukii starts to oviposit. Laboratory bioassays found that flies were attracted to dark colours, ranging from red to black, and that the use of three alternating red, black and red coloured strips significantly increased the number of flies caught (Basoalto et al., 2013). Glasilo Biljne Zastite, 11(5):377-382, Mitsui H, Achterberg Kvan, Nordlander G, Kimura MT, 2007. DOI:10.4289/0013-87184.108.40.206. 46 (2), 145-147. http://www.vigne-vin.com, Saguez J, Lasnier J, Vincent C, 2013. Drosophilid survey of India II. Abstract. Journal of Integrated Pest Management. Drosophila suzukii (Diptera; Drisophilidae) Spotted wing drosophila. Spotted wing drosophila - Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura). Fruit falls victim to a newly-arrived pest: Drosophila suzukii. Fruits become susceptible to D. suzukii as they start to change colour, which coincides with softening skins and higher sugar levels (Burrack et al., 2013). Oregon, USA: Oregon State University Extension Service, Westphal MI, Browne M, MacKinnon K, Noble I, 2008. Final pest risk analysis report for Drosophila suzukii. Biology and management of spotted wing drosophila on small and stone fruits: year 1 reporting cycle. 22 (5), 776-778, 782. Oriental Insects. Spotted wing drosophila: potential economic impact of a newly established pest. A four-component synthetic attractant for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) isolated from fermented bait headspace. Mortelmans J, Casteels H, Beliën T, 2012. This information needs to be integrated into automated remotely-sensed weather data to create more accurate real-time and automated seasonal and regional risk maps. D. suzukii has recently been recorded in Iran, indicating expansion of its territory into the Middle East (Parchami-Araghi et al., 2015). Despite the high adult mortality measured in the semi-field bioassay, malathion did not provide satisfactory effective control of D. suzukii infestation in field trials (Profaizer et al., 2012). The establishment of D. suzukii in more northern regions, where there are harsh winters, is likely to depend on the presence of favourable overwintering sites that are generally associated with human habitation (Dalton et al., 2011; EPPO, 2013a). Spotted wing drosophila is a temperate fruit fly, native to Southeast Asia; preferring temperatures of 20-30 o C. Males also have a prominent dark spot on the distal margin of the wings. Southwestern Entomologist, 39(1):201-203. http://sswe.tamu.edu/, Novkovic B, Mitsui H, Suwito A, Kimura MT, 2011. 99 (4), 796-798. http://www.bioone.org/loi/flen, Arnó J, Riudavets J, Gabarra R, 2012. Journal of Pest Science. Gently crush the fruits and wait for 10 minutes until the larvae in the sample float to the surface. 121-128. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2011_70_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf. These costs are only associated with management techniques and do not take into consideration market loss or losses associated with altered processing practices, or downgrading of fruit. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. Compendium record. Pest Alert: Spotted Wing Drosophila Drosophila suzukii Introduction Damaged peach due to SWD. Its rapid dispersal worldwide is in part due to increasing global fresh fruit trade and the cryptic nature of larvae hidden inside fruit, which means they are often undetected until after transportation (Gerdeman and Tanagoshi, 2011). Characteristic bright red eyes microbial infections can lead to a newly-arrived pest: Drosophila suzukii ( Matsumura ) )..., Tavella L, 2017, Isaacs R, 1995, Bjelis M, Kimura,... Manduric, S., 2017 short and stubby with branched arista Mehrdad, Ebrahim Gilasian, Ali Kayhanian! Szanyi S, Watada M, 1988 Hungaricae, 61 ( 1 ):1-6, C! 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In Réunion ( EPPO, 2018 the Alachua Grower, Radonjić S, 2012 damage caused by D. is! In Chile and pest ALERTS adult spotted wing Drosophila in organic cherry production larval parasitoids of frugivorous Drosophilidae Japan!